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Table 6 Comparison of the cross-tension strength from experiment, FE model and the prediction model

From: Prediction of Cross-Tension Strength of Self-Piercing Riveted Joints Using Finite Element Simulation and XGBoost Algorithm

Resource Experiment FE model Prediction
Cross-tension strength (kN) 2.52 2.69 2.71
Deviation (kN) ±0.02 / /