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Table 4 Mode shapes of weld pool obtained by different researchers

From: Oscillation Modes of Weld Pool in Stationary GTA Welding Using Structure Laser Method

  (0, 1) (1, 1) (0, 2) (2, 1)
knm \(\frac{{{4}{\text{.80}}}}{D}\) \(\frac{{{7}{\text{.66}}}}{D}\) \(\frac{11.04}{D}\) \(\frac{{{10}{\text{.28}}}}{D}\)
Shapes
Xiao and Ouden (1990 [35])
Zhang (2016 [36])
Andersen (1997 [37])
Sorensen (1990 [38])
Aendenroomer (1998 [39])
Ju (2004 [40])