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Table 3 Mechanism of different kinds of organic molecules to kill microorganisms [36]

From: Biological Stability of Water-Based Cutting Fluids: Progress and Application

Types of bactericides Mechanism
Acid Interaction with cell membrane
Alcohol Denature protein and dissolve cell membrane
Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasers Combine with NH2 group and affect protein and nucleic acid
Biguanides Interact with cell membrane and affect protein and nucleic acid
Isothiazolinone Inhibit enzyme
Phenolic compounds Denature protein and modify cell membrane