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Table 2 Analysis of the co-simulation results

From: Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control for the Vehicle Height and Leveling Adjustment System of an Electronic Air Suspension

Control performance   Simulation scenarios
During standstill During driving
Vehicle height   Desired value Actual value Precision (%) Desired value Actual value Precision (%)
Height lifting h fr (m) 0.270 0.2698 99.92 0.270 0.2693 99.74
h fl (m) 0.270 0.2697 99.89 0.270 0.2691 99.67
h rl (m) 0.270 0.2696 99.85 0.270 0.2685 99.44
h rr (m) 0.270 0.2696 99.85 0.270 0.2690 99.63
Height lowering h fr (m) 0.250 0.2502 99.92 0.250 0.2493 99.72
h fl (m) 0.250 0.2503 99.88 0.250 0.2505 99.80
h rl (m) 0.250 0.2502 99.92 0.250 0.2491 99.64
h rr (m) 0.250 0.2503 99.88 0.250 0.2506 99.76
Posture Without control With control Decrease (%) Without control With control Decrease (%)
Height lifting θ (rad) 0.022 0.013 40.91 0.040 0.029 27.50
φ (rad) 0.035 0.022 37.14 0.053 0.042 20.75
Height lowering θ (rad) 0.019 0.011 42.11 0.028 0.017 39.29
φ (rad) 0.023 0.016 30.43 0.054 0.036 33.33