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Analytical solutions of cracks emanating from an elliptic hole in an infinite plate under tension

An Erratum to this article was published on 12 December 2014

Abstract

It is a common phenomenon that the cracks originating from a hole can cause structural damage in engineering. However, the fracture mechanics studies of hole edge crack problems are not sufficient. The problem of an elliptical hole with two collinear edge cracks of unequal length in an infinite plate under uniform tension at infinity is investigated. Based on the complex variable method, the analytical solutions of stress functions and stress intensity factors are provided. The stress distribution along the axes and the edge of the elliptical hole is given graphically. The numerical results show that there is obvious stress concentration near the hole and cracks, and the stresses tend to applied loads at distances far from the defect, which conform to Saint-Venant’s principle. Hence, the stress functions are proved to be right. Under special conditions, the present configuration becomes the Griffith crack, two symmetrical cracks emanating from an elliptical hole, two cracks of unequal length emanating from a circular hole, a crack at the edge of a circular hole, or a crack emanating from an elliptical hole. Compared with available results, stress intensity factors for these special shapes of ellipses and cracks show good coincidence. The stress intensity factor for two cracks of unequal length at the edge of an elliptical hole increases with the crack length and the major-to-minor axis ratio of the elliptical hole. The stress distribution in an infinite plate containing an elliptic hole with unsymmetrical cracks is given for the first time.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shuhong Liu.

Additional information

Supported by Hebei Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China(Grant No. A2011210033), and Foundation of Hebei Education Department of China(Grant No. ZH2011116)

LIU Shuhong, born in 1968, is currently a professor at Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, China. She received her PHD degree from Beijing Jiaotong University, China, in 2004. Her main research interests include solid mechanics, structural safety evaluation, and mechanical bearing capacity of intelligent materials.

DUAN Shijie, born in 1968, is currently an associate professor at Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, China. He received his bachelor degree from Shijiazhuang Tiedao University, China, in 1992. His research interest is computer application in engineering.

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Liu, S., Duan, S. Analytical solutions of cracks emanating from an elliptic hole in an infinite plate under tension. Chin. J. Mech. Eng. 27, 1057–1063 (2014). https://doi.org/10.3901/CJME.2014.0526.300

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Keywords

  • hole
  • crack
  • stress distribution
  • stress intensity factor